Debits and Credits: A Useful Guide to understand it!

December 29, 2022by admin

Businesses struggle to understand the concepts of debits and credits to manage business transactions. They are looking for professional companies to outsource their financial management services. The main reason is the lack of understanding of cash flow. It is essential for businesses to thoroughly understand the basics so they can outsource without much effort.

Let’s start this discussion


Debit and Credit

Debit is the amount of money withdrawn from an account. On the other hand, credit is defined as the amount going into an account.

When you add or subtract money to an account, you are crediting or debiting. So this is where it gets tricky! Depending on the account, the debit can lead to an increase or decrease in the amount. Similar is the credit.


How does it work?

Every time you pay a bill or make a purchase, a deduction occurs in your account. On the other hand, the purchase causes the amount to flow into a third-party account, which is referred to as a credit.

Two accounts are used simultaneously here. Therefore, it is important to understand who goes into a ledger. Therefore, debit increases the balance of assets, losses, and expenses, while credit increases the balance of income, earnings, profits, liabilities, and equity.

Suppose you buy products wholesale for a total of $100. In this case, you would debit the amount of the material purchase and credit it to the beneficiary’s account.

Still confused? Get professional bookkeeping and accounting services to meet your business’s accounting needs. One of these top-notch service providers isĀ FAPL (Fusion Ave Private Limited). With years of expertise in all accounting services, you’ll get quality work with exceed expectations.

For a better understanding of credit and debit, look at these rules of accounting.

3 Rules of Accounting


Debit the keeper and Credit the accepter

This golden rule of accounting is related to personal accounts. A personal account is a ledger account owned by individuals or organizations. When a company or the recipient who has a personal account receives something from another company or person, the company receiving from the other one becomes the recipient and the company that exists becomes the giver.

Suppose, you have bought something for $100 from a shop. According to this rule, debit is applied to the personal account, and credit is to the business account.


Debit incoming account and credit outgoing amount

The second rule applies to real accounts. A real account is either an asset account, a liability account, or a capital account. With a real account, a person can see his/her account being rebalanced at the end of the year.

Suppose you buy a table with $200 in cash. According to this rule, when a company receives something of value in exchange for cash, it is debit. Likewise, if something of value goes out, it is represented as credit.


Debit Expenses and Losses Whereas, Credit Revenues and Gains

The third deals with smaller accounts. It is the one where people store their yearly transactions. This allows bookkeeping and accounting services like FAPL to reset the balance to zero and start over.

Because nominal accounts are related to the expenses, profits, losses, and income of a person or a company.

Suppose you bought $300 worth of goods from a company. According to this rule, if a company makes a profit or earns revenue from the purchase, it is represented as credit.